Now that Paul’s plan to arrive at Jerusalem by Passover has been changed by those who would have killed him onboard the pilgrim ship which sailed from Corinth, Paul has traveled over land back to Philippi, where he has been reunited with Dr. Luke.
While his accompanying entourage has gone on over land to Troas, Paul and Luke take a 5-day sail across the Adriatic Sea to rejoin the group waiting for them there.
One of the things Paul exemplifies for us during this time is making the most of each and every ministry opportunity which presents itself, and what happened at Troas is a prime example of this.
The church planted at Troas gathered on the first day of the week, and this is significant in that the Holy Spirit anticipated, (as did Paul,) those who would later-on place a too-heavy influence upon a Saturday Sabbath.
While there is certainly nothing wrong with enjoying and employing Saturday as a day of rest and worship of God, it is likewise not wrong to employ another day for the same purpose. (It has been well-said, “Every day and any day can be a day of worship for the true believer,” and this is certainly the case – every day should be a day of worship.)
It is noted for us, almost as an off-hand remark, that the church at Troas gathered together on “the first day of the week.” This notation is without fanfare. It is simply understood this was the manner and practice of the early-days church.
That Jesus was resurrected on Sunday is without controversy. That the Church itself was birthed on Sunday was likewise without controversy. (The Day of Pentecost had been a Sunday, 50 days following Passover, likewise the first day of the week.)
Now that Christianity has been birthed out of Judaism, the early Church apparently determined to gather together on the first day of the week, (Sunday,) rather than the seventh day of the week, (Saturday.) This is inarguable.
Why this would be controversial to anyone other than those who would attempt to cling to some of the legalistic structure of Judaism is anyone’s guess. We do know there are those in our day who still reverence the Saturday Sabbath, and point to Exodus 20, (The Fourth Commandment,) as a basis for saying ALL believers MUST practice a Saturday Sabbath.
The early Church, on the other hand, clearly chose to place the emphasis for a day of gathering to be the first day of the week instead – the day Jesus was resurrected.